臺灣蝴蝶蘭 發現始末

文 / 謝長富<br>(臺灣生物多樣性保育學會理事長、臺灣生態學會理事、國立臺灣大學生態學與演化生物學研究所兼任教授)<br>
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謝長富
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L. (Carl Ludwig)", "rights": "Biodiversity Heritage Library(BHL)", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "", "desc": "<span>蝴蝶蘭屬是在1825年由德國-荷蘭植物學家和昆蟲學家布魯姆博士(Karl Ludwig Blume) 依據1753年林奈發表於《Species Plantarum》(植物種誌)的<i>Epidendrum amabile</i> (1825年改為<i>Phalaenopsis amabilis</i> (L.)Blume,南洋白花蝴蝶蘭)為模式種所創立的一個新屬,即蝴蝶蘭屬<span> <span>\"<i>Phalaenopsis</i>\"</span></span>,由希臘文<i>phalaina </i>(蛾) 與<i>opsis </i>(像貌) 組合而成的。英文俗名稱為\"moth orchid\",即\"蛾蘭\";蝴蝶<span>蘭(butterfly orchid)另指產於中南美洲的其他數種蘭花。<br></span></span><br><span>蝴蝶蘭屬約有七十餘種,原生種多分布於亞洲的熱帶中低海拔地區,包括印度到南中國、中南半島、馬來西亞、印尼、菲律賓和新幾內亞,其中又以印尼及菲律賓的物種居多。<br></span><br>蝴蝶蘭臺灣有二種:臺灣白花蝴蝶蘭<span>(<i><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://taieol.tw/pages/39843\">Phalaenopsis aphrodite</a></i><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://taieol.tw/pages/39843\"> Rchb. f. subsp. </a><i><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://taieol.tw/pages/39843\">formosana</a></i><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://taieol.tw/pages/39843\"> E.A. 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Brown)、助理檢察員哈斯汀(Robert John Hastings)、臺灣道臺祕書及轎夫、苦力等一行41人,歷經11天採陸路步行赴南岬燈塔預定地探勘及向原住民購買用地。<br><br>6月18日從旗後出發,經過路線如圖1所示。最後與大頭目卓杞篤(Tauk-e-Tok)及其他五部落頭目簽約,以一百銀兩購得用地。整個南岬燈塔的設計由助理工程師哈爾定(John Reginald Harding)負責,所有的鐵造塔樓、避難屋和塔頂的燈罩光源設備均在英國建造,連同其他相關設備用品、建築材料,以及施工團隊分批來自英國及中國。<br>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 7, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-xhajfnkcq3": { "id": "basic-xhajfnkcq3", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "6a92c58e79f27e310224d7608ed4bf96", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/07a07a2f7dd77d343d25498b2840c025.jpg?itok=W3V02Q39", "level": "primary", "title": "1875年英國工程師畢齊禮(Michael Beazeley)率41人赴南岬勘察南岬燈塔用地時的行走路線圖", "desc": "資料出處:Beazeley, M., Notes of an overland journey through the southern part of Formosa in 1875, from Takow to the South Cape, with sketch map. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society and Monthly Record of Geography n.s. 7 (January 1885): facing p. 64.", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/07a07a2f7dd77d343d25498b2840c025.jpg?itok=9VlMRi-4", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/07a07a2f7dd77d343d25498b2840c025.jpg?itok=IMQ-XaVM", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/07a07a2f7dd77d343d25498b2840c025.jpg?itok=T6Q20eAy", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/07a07a2f7dd77d343d25498b2840c025.jpg?itok=i6-sqtq6", "mfid": "07a07a2f7dd77d343d25498b2840c025", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "Michael Beazeley,謝長富", "rights": "謝長富", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "圖1. 1875年英國工程師畢齊禮(Michael Beazeley)率41人赴南岬勘察南岬燈塔用地時的行走路線圖。圖中射麻里是位在八姑甪(lù)的西方。★為臺灣蝴蝶蘭首次發現之地。<br><br><span>資料出處:Beazeley, M., Notes of an overland journey through the southern part of Formosa in 1875, from Takow to the South Cape, with sketch map. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society and Monthly Record of Geography n.s. 7 (January 1885): facing p. 64.<div><br></div></span>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 8, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-z8zhacpa5u": { "id": "basic-z8zhacpa5u", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "level": "primary", "oid": "e15198ab61154faab9038ad81993f9d5", "title": "鵝鑾鼻燈臺", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/1b0af944bd9c504c054d58830dd44414.jpg?itok=Ksk-kkyA", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/1b0af944bd9c504c054d58830dd44414.jpg?itok=0X_v-vil", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/1b0af944bd9c504c054d58830dd44414.jpg?itok=z1Ex4HEC", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/1b0af944bd9c504c054d58830dd44414.jpg?itok=POLU-VN2", "mfid": "1b0af944bd9c504c054d58830dd44414", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/1b0af944bd9c504c054d58830dd44414.jpg?itok=9G6fjyLQ", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院臺灣史研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "鵝鑾鼻燈塔於1881年11月開始興建,為避開颱風季,均在冬半年施工,1883年4月1日正式完工,點燃燈光營運,直到1894年(光緒20年)仍配置有燈塔看守員及十餘名職工,包含洋人及華人。<br>(燈塔興建過程參見:謝長富,鵝鑾鼻燈塔前傳,生態臺灣,66:49-68,2020)。", "musicName": "無", "weight": 9, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-xeui10l5so": { "id": "basic-xeui10l5so", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "92c0c39531663f48657cbdd1834ac87d", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/7509a94f9bea48d82d10cf96c7485068.jpg?itok=QO1SODL4", "level": "primary", "title": "鵝鑾鼻燈塔1883年完成後的垂直立面圖", "desc": "資料出處:Harding, John Reginald, 1901. A Brief Description of the Erection of a First Order Lighthouse on the South Cape of Formosa. Proceeding of The Shanghai Society of Engineers and Architects, Plate 5, 1901.", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/7509a94f9bea48d82d10cf96c7485068.jpg?itok=nYxfyrO9", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/7509a94f9bea48d82d10cf96c7485068.jpg?itok=ih0o8PQB", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/7509a94f9bea48d82d10cf96c7485068.jpg?itok=BQnpZbPH", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/7509a94f9bea48d82d10cf96c7485068.jpg?itok=n1hE6t5J", "mfid": "7509a94f9bea48d82d10cf96c7485068", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "John Reginald Harding", "rights": "謝長富", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "公眾領域標章(Public Domain Mark)", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "鵝鑾鼻燈塔1883年完成後的垂直立面圖。燈塔的塔樓基部有一環形避難屋;塔樓及避難屋共由128塊鐵板所組合而成;塔臺包括一環形臺基,三層玻璃窗格的燈罩及燈室;左邊為洋人及華人居住的兩棟平房。<br><br><span>資料出處:Harding, John Reginald, 1901. A Brief Description of the Erection of a First Order Lighthouse on the South Cape of Formosa. Proceeding of The Shanghai Society of Engineers and Architects, Plate 5, 1901.</span>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 10, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "theme-2yu7zfl229": { "id": "theme-2yu7zfl229", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "a3116bbc1058f8de5d065fabb2c4b317", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/a2fd6095cd74244a7932abc7eedb306a.jpg?itok=6BO4bqL7", "level": "primary", "title": "章節", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/a2fd6095cd74244a7932abc7eedb306a.jpg?itok=gN_Wff2c", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/a2fd6095cd74244a7932abc7eedb306a.jpg?itok=ixgjhGiB", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/a2fd6095cd74244a7932abc7eedb306a.jpg?itok=AH0qmO9M", "background": 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Introductory Sketch of the Island.", "desc": "Rights:Public Domain, Google-digitized.", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/3617c27bad38f95203b877c61e012438.jpg?itok=vt-UqJbh", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/3617c27bad38f95203b877c61e012438.jpg?itok=hdaSfF7F", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/3617c27bad38f95203b877c61e012438.jpg?itok=HeBffDIn", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/3617c27bad38f95203b877c61e012438.jpg?itok=gmT-sR3N", "mfid": "3617c27bad38f95203b877c61e012438", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "Michael Beazeley,畢齊禮", "rights": "HathiTrust", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "公眾領域標章(Public Domain Mark)", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "在1875年畢齊禮的購地行程日誌〈Notes of an overland journey through the southern part of Formosa in 1875, from Takow to the South Cape, with sketch map〉中,6月23日一行人從帆船石沿南岬半島的西岸向南行,因受阻於海濱礁岩,於是轉上坡穿過叢林(圖1星號所示)到上方平臺的草生地再南行,他對此地叢林的描述如下:<div><br></div>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 12, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-w35cq7i4h7": { "id": "quote-w35cq7i4h7", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 13, "desc": "所經過之森林濃密蓊鬱,遠較半島東岸的森林為美麗,林內有棕櫚、風藤、芋、島榕、藤類、多量的番石榴等物種,樹上有美麗的桑德氏蝴蝶蘭(<i>Phalaenopsis Sanderiana)</i>。________畢齊禮", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-egr1gqcgn9": { "id": "basic-egr1gqcgn9", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "0123b64270c5c46f6c431aa3aa72cf52", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/47c3a155780e8ddb73c49ac240ae357f.jpg?itok=nziAuVs4", "level": "primary", "title": "桑德氏蝴蝶蘭 Phalaenopsis Sanderiana", "desc": "By Alfred Cogniaux, Alphonse Goossens - Dictionnaire Iconographique des Orchidees, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5849115", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/47c3a155780e8ddb73c49ac240ae357f.jpg?itok=mz967Yvm", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/47c3a155780e8ddb73c49ac240ae357f.jpg?itok=h4jXFBYv", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/47c3a155780e8ddb73c49ac240ae357f.jpg?itok=asx2IaBD", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/47c3a155780e8ddb73c49ac240ae357f.jpg?itok=YOnRIvp5", "mfid": "47c3a155780e8ddb73c49ac240ae357f", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "Alfred Cogniaux,Alphonse Goossens", "rights": "Wikimedia Commons", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "公眾領域標章(Public Domain Mark)", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "桑德氏蝴蝶蘭分佈於菲律賓南部的民答那峨島。十九世紀歐洲對珍稀蘭花最風行的時期,德國的蘭花學家和苗圃專家桑德氏(Henry Frederick Conrad Sander, 1847-1920)於1880年聘請英格蘭著名的蘭花採集者卡爾羅貝倫(Carl Roebelen)前往菲律賓尋找一種據聞是紅色的蝴蝶蘭,最後在民答那峨找到。1882年由德國植物學家也是19世紀最重要的蘭花學家賴興巴赫氏 (Heinrich Gustav Reichenbach,常縮寫成Rchb. f.,1823-1889)正式發表,學名為:<i>Phalaenopsis sanderiana</i>&nbsp;Rchb. f.(Flora Oder Botanische&nbsp;Zeitung 65: 466, 1882),種小名&nbsp;<span>\"<i>sanderiana</i>\"&nbsp;</span>就是紀念桑德氏。<br><br>桑德氏蝴蝶蘭(圖2)的花色從白色到不同程度的粉紅色均有,花期是在夏季中期至末期。<br><br>畢齊禮雖然是在1875年首次看到蝴蝶蘭,但他的行程日誌是在1885年才在英國皇家地理學會月刊發表,當時正巧是桑德氏蝴蝶蘭在1882年發表後的流行時期,因此採用此名。<br>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 14, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-c4ta00x8yz": { "id": "basic-c4ta00x8yz", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "632eca0f13972f9f001d9e69332e9e3f", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/c12057091d4e40384af56f374065b0ff.jpg?itok=5eg1sAM5", "level": "primary", "title": "桑德氏蝴蝶蘭", "desc": "圖2.桑德氏蝴蝶蘭的花。左右兩片是側花瓣,下方是唇瓣。左右兩片是側花瓣,下方是唇瓣。唇瓣三裂,左右兩裂片上捲;中裂片先端漸狹並具二條纖細卷鬚,基部中央處有突起的癒合體,表面具色斑,兩側上方各具兩短角;中裂片左右兩側向外尖凸。圖片出處:http://www.phals.net/sanderiana/2012/12ph0320.jpg", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/c12057091d4e40384af56f374065b0ff.jpg?itok=AXzXzrEM", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/c12057091d4e40384af56f374065b0ff.jpg?itok=4LPH7EYO", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/c12057091d4e40384af56f374065b0ff.jpg?itok=_o96TlyX", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/c12057091d4e40384af56f374065b0ff.jpg?itok=DDasIWwP", "mfid": "c12057091d4e40384af56f374065b0ff", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "Helmut Demel", "rights": "PaDIL website", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "圖2.桑德氏蝴蝶蘭(<span><i>Phalaenopsis sanderiana</i>&nbsp;Rchb. f.)</span>的花。左右兩片是側花瓣,下方是唇瓣。唇瓣三裂,左右兩裂片上捲;中裂片先端漸狹並具二條纖細卷鬚,唇瓣後方中央處有突起的癒合體,<span>表面具色斑,兩側上方各具兩短角;中裂片左右兩側向外尖凸。<br></span><span><br>資料出處:</span><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://www.phals.net/sanderiana/2012\">http://www.phals.net/sanderiana/2012</a><br>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 15, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "theme-9b2a98ctkh": { "id": "theme-9b2a98ctkh", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "f5150d5d9f2298ac613f4b697d9b166a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/5082bf582c520429ba17d7cbcc5fdfbf.jpg?itok=4e9csuys", "level": "primary", "title": "章節", "desc": "", "thumbURI": 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"text-v2ixvxbncj", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 17, "desc": "奧古斯丁亨利(韓爾禮,Augustine Henry,1857-1930)出生於蘇格蘭的鄧迪 (Dundee),1877年畢業於戈爾韋的女王學院(Queen's College, Galway),主修自然科學和哲學。<br><br>1878年他獲得了貝爾法斯特女王學院 (Queen's College in Belfast)的文學碩士學位,之後在倫敦一所教學醫院學習醫學,1880年獲得愛丁堡皇家醫學院醫師證照。1881年大清皇家海關總稅務司赫德(Sir Robert Hart)招募他進入大清皇家海關(Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs),擔任幫辦(助理)兼醫員。<br><br>翌年起他被派往湖北、四川、雲南的思茅及蒙自、臺灣等地的海關任職。在此期間,他利用業餘時間研究和收集當地的植物,製作大量的標本,到他於1900年離開中國為止,總計送回英國約 158,050 份標本,超過 6000 種植物,占中國維管植物種類總數的五分之一,其中包括5個新科、37個新屬、1338個新種、及388個新種下類群(變種或亞種)。", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-6zx8f04c4q": { "id": "basic-6zx8f04c4q", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "0913e7c90750f2c4b64b2b0620250c86", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/b8af2e791ed59ec48476ec8c6b4c3c5a.jpg?itok=g1S8bD2b", "level": "primary", "title": "奧古斯丁亨利 (1857-1930)", "desc": "資料出處:The Herbarium at the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (楊宗愈博士,Dr. Tsung-Yu Aleck Yang提供)", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/b8af2e791ed59ec48476ec8c6b4c3c5a.jpg?itok=hL_xcSqf", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/b8af2e791ed59ec48476ec8c6b4c3c5a.jpg?itok=nULJQncQ", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/b8af2e791ed59ec48476ec8c6b4c3c5a.jpg?itok=O5lOJsqr", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/b8af2e791ed59ec48476ec8c6b4c3c5a.jpg?itok=ERzgz4yV", "mfid": "b8af2e791ed59ec48476ec8c6b4c3c5a", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "The Herbarium at the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有", "fileDisableLink": 1, "fileOversize": false }, "title": " ", "desc": "奧古斯丁亨利 (1857-1930)<br>資料出處:The Herbarium at the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (楊宗愈博士,Dr. Tsung-Yu Aleck Yang提供)", "musicName": "無", "weight": 18, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "text-offmuybjpa": { "id": "text-offmuybjpa", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 19, "desc": "<div>亨利於1892年11月18日請調至打狗位於哨船頭的大清皇家海關任職,直到1894年9月離開赴美為止計在臺灣停留近二年。1894年2月,亨利花二天時間搭乘海關巡緝艦 \"淩風號\" 到南岬燈塔進行業務視察。他乘此難得機會請燈塔管理員J. C. H. Schmüser(許務實,德國人,三等值事人)協助收集燈塔周圍地區的植物,Schmüser 也找到當地原住民頭目一起採集。總計採集到 462 種,其實這些物種的分佈幾乎涵蓋整個恆春半島。<br><br><div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div>1896年奧古斯汀亨利在日本亞洲學會期刊《Transactions of the Asiatic Society&nbsp;of Japan》上發表了〈A List of&nbsp;Plants from Formosa〉, 即臺灣植物目錄(圖3),總共列出1,428種維管植物,包括本土植物、歸化物種和栽植的物種,南岬所採集的物種連同標本編號全部包含在內。這目錄除了他在臺灣(打狗、猴山、萬金庄、南岬、淡水等地)所蒐集的所有物種外,也將之前來臺採集者所發表的物種全部納入,例如C. Wilford, R. Swinhoe, R. Oldham, W. Campbell, W. Hancock, T. Watters,&nbsp;C. Ford, G.M. Playfair,田代安定(澎湖名錄,1895年) 等人以及臺灣府誌 (Gazetteer)所登錄的栽培植物,這是早年臺灣植物研究史上最重要的文獻。</div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div>", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-4nqa123619": { "id": "basic-4nqa123619", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "407e0063177cf5cbbad612ee79b9d923", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/bae66c6dd0950063a2a24dfb2a04c0bd.jpg?itok=it8fiR7c", "level": "primary", "title": "Henry, A. 1896. A List of Plants from Formosa. Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan, 24: supplement. 1-118. ", "desc": "資料出處:Henry, A. 1896. A List of Plants from Formosa. Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan, 24: supplement. 1118.圖片發表於 2020/4 生態臺灣第六十七期〈臺灣蝴蝶蘭發現始末〉亨利於1896年在《日本亞洲學會期刊》上發表的臺灣植物目錄〈A List of Plants\r\nfrom Formosa〉。這份目錄的內容包括物種序號、學名、標本採集地、採集者、採集\r\n編號、中文名稱(如出自民間或臺灣府誌)及用途等。", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/bae66c6dd0950063a2a24dfb2a04c0bd.jpg?itok=uc6FjiSZ", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/bae66c6dd0950063a2a24dfb2a04c0bd.jpg?itok=IaZdRoMw", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/bae66c6dd0950063a2a24dfb2a04c0bd.jpg?itok=AdNCHFj7", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/bae66c6dd0950063a2a24dfb2a04c0bd.jpg?itok=SxfTVH_O", "mfid": "bae66c6dd0950063a2a24dfb2a04c0bd", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "Augustine Henry", "rights": "謝長富", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "<span>圖3.亨利於1896年在《日本亞洲學會期刊》上發表的臺灣植物目錄〈A List of Plants from Formosa〉。這份目錄的內容包括物種序號、學名、標本採集地、採集者、採集編號、中文名稱(如出自民間或臺灣府誌)及用途等。<br>資料出處:Henry, A. 1896. A List of Plants from Formosa. Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan, 24: supplement. 1-118.</span>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 20, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "theme-w657e4m7bt": { "id": "theme-w657e4m7bt", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "a3116bbc1058f8de5d065fabb2c4b317", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/7b8295e642855d3f008f523d663823e4.jpg?itok=oiHFR_yT", "level": "primary", "title": "章節", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/7b8295e642855d3f008f523d663823e4.jpg?itok=6PMJ9L4q", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/7b8295e642855d3f008f523d663823e4.jpg?itok=jXZdAvYJ", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/7b8295e642855d3f008f523d663823e4.jpg?itok=fIO6ipIo", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/7b8295e642855d3f008f523d663823e4.jpg?itok=RDYY9vv1", "mfid": "7b8295e642855d3f008f523d663823e4", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "臺灣生命大百科", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有", "fileDisableLink": 1, "fileOversize": false }, "title": "五、臺灣蝴蝶蘭的首次發表", "desc": "請輸入頁面說明", "musicName": "無", "weight": 21, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "text-fda6x77clf": { "id": "text-fda6x77clf", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 22, "desc": "在亨利於臺灣植物目錄中,記載蝴蝶蘭如下:<br><br><b>1063.&nbsp;</b><i><b>Phalaenopsis aphrodite</b></i><b>, Reich, f. S. Cape ; Henry 1,705.<br></b><br>標本是採自南岬,標本編號為\"Henry 1,705\",學名為\"<i>Phalaenopsis aphrodite</i>, Reich, f.\" 。<br>", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-0qdakf2l0o": { "id": "basic-0qdakf2l0o", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "db3b86f02e0cc64dfffaf562d18c56f9", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/59fe0a7b951f3a9f247a37ee3097dae1.jpg?itok=vNqtyaqd", "level": "primary", "title": "A List of Plants from Formosa 臺灣植物目錄 1063. Phalaenopsis aphrodite", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/59fe0a7b951f3a9f247a37ee3097dae1.jpg?itok=q6lYfIL4", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/59fe0a7b951f3a9f247a37ee3097dae1.jpg?itok=H4Kt83wv", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/59fe0a7b951f3a9f247a37ee3097dae1.jpg?itok=-3UNHpzC", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/59fe0a7b951f3a9f247a37ee3097dae1.jpg?itok=w7_wCZcG", "mfid": "59fe0a7b951f3a9f247a37ee3097dae1", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "Augustine Henry", "rights": "HathiTrust", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "目前編號\"Henry 1705\"的標本計有二份,分別由英、美二機構的標本館所收藏:英國皇家植物園(圖4)及紐約植物園(圖5)。此二份標本均由南岬燈塔管理員 J. C. H. Schmürer 所採集,採集日期不同。<br>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 23, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-4tk8irvpaz": { "id": "basic-4tk8irvpaz", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "1aa5bc993d85d596191ba3b6bb1c04fb", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/30a9c2b2247455a6667f54b3f17fa018.jpg?itok=CXZewDKV", "level": "primary", "title": "(Kew)Henry 1705 號蝴蝶蘭標本[1063. Phalaenopsis aphrodite, Reich, f. S. Cape ; Henry 1,705.]", "desc": "蒐藏於英國皇家植物園的Henry 1705號蝴蝶蘭標本。採集者為南岬燈塔管理員Schmurer,植物園收到日期為May 1894。右下角的像片是1909年由日本植物學者伊藤篤太郎寄給英國植物學家 William Hemsley的 , 此蝴蝶蘭在恆春山區數量相當多。標本是採自南岬,標本編號為\"Henry 1,705\",學名為\"Phalaenopsis aphrodite, Reich, f.\" 。目前編號\"Henry 1705\"的標本計有二份,分別由英、美二機構的標本館所收藏:英國皇家植物園及紐約植物園。此二份標本均由南岬燈塔管理員Schmurer所採集,採集日期不同。 ", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/30a9c2b2247455a6667f54b3f17fa018.jpg?itok=MIi4Ktud", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/30a9c2b2247455a6667f54b3f17fa018.jpg?itok=t8rDUeRA", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/30a9c2b2247455a6667f54b3f17fa018.jpg?itok=pNFiWCH4", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/30a9c2b2247455a6667f54b3f17fa018.jpg?itok=XFxBqp6Y", "mfid": "30a9c2b2247455a6667f54b3f17fa018", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "The Herbarium at the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有", "fileDisableLink": 1, "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "圖4. 蒐藏於英國皇家植物園的Henry 1705號蝴蝶蘭標本。採集者為南岬燈塔管理員J. C. H. Schmüser,植物園收到日期為May 1894。右下角的像片是1909年由日本植物學者伊藤篤太郎寄給英國植物學家William Hemsley的,此蝴蝶蘭在恆春山區數量相當多。<br>資料出處:The Herbarium at the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew(楊宗愈博士,Dr. Tsung-Yu Aleck Yang提供)", "musicName": "無", "weight": 24, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-zgjbi54wjf": { "id": "basic-zgjbi54wjf", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "33dcfcdc41730901d6dfeb14d8397b42", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/8875c76aacc7056e0d0783e6884d94a2.jpg?itok=InukqU4H", "level": "primary", "title": "[holotype](NY)Henry 1705 號蝴蝶蘭標本[1063. Phalaenopsis aphrodite, Reich, f. S. Cape ; Henry 1,705.]/Phalaenopsis aphrodite subsp. formosana Christenson (holotype)", "desc": "Ramirez J, Watson K, Thiers B, McMillin L (2022). The New York Botanical Garden Herbarium (NY). Version 1.45. The New York Botanical Garden. Occurrence dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/6e8nje accessed via GBIF.org on 2022-04-22. 蒐藏於紐約植物園的Henry 1705號蝴蝶蘭標本, 1894年 6月16日由南岬燈塔管理員Schmurer採自南岬,此標本是紐約植物園購自亨利。標本上有兩張訂正標籤,出自H.R. Sweet(1969)及E.A. Christenson (2001)。標本是採自南岬,標本編號為\"Henry 1,705\",學名為\"Phalaenopsis aphrodite, Reich, f.\" 。目前編號\"Henry 1705\"的標本計有二份,分別由英、美二機構的標本館所收藏:英國皇家植物園及紐約植物園。此二份標本均由南岬燈塔管理員Schmurer所採集,採集日期不同。 https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1928045682\r\nSpecimen type:Holotype\r\nRecord number:1705\r\nRecorded by:A. Henry\r\n", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/8875c76aacc7056e0d0783e6884d94a2.jpg?itok=uGZmGw6z", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/8875c76aacc7056e0d0783e6884d94a2.jpg?itok=36J5vRa8", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/8875c76aacc7056e0d0783e6884d94a2.jpg?itok=99BRaHNz", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/8875c76aacc7056e0d0783e6884d94a2.jpg?itok=qDmau5SU", "mfid": "8875c76aacc7056e0d0783e6884d94a2", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "Augustine Henry", "rights": "GBIF 全球生物多樣性資訊機構", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "圖5. 蒐藏於紐約植物園的Henry 1705號蝴蝶蘭標本,1894年6月16日由南岬燈塔管理員Schmürer採自南岬,此標本是紐約植物園購自亨利。標本上有兩張訂正標籤,出自H.R. Sweet (1969) 及E.A. Christenson (2001)。&nbsp;<br><span><i><br></i>資料出處:<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://sweetgum.nybg.org/science/vh/specimen_details.php?irn=431290\">http://sweetgum.nybg.org/science/vh/specimen_details.php?irn=431290</a></span>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 25, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "text-rvhkh4gpxt": { "id": "text-rvhkh4gpxt", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 26, "desc": "亨利的蝴蝶蘭標本經由植物園內蘭花標本館館長 Robert Allen Rolfe 鑑定認為與菲律賓廣泛分佈的白花蝴蝶蘭 (<i>Phalaenopsis&nbsp;</i><span><i>aphrodite</i>&nbsp;Rchb. f.)</span>同屬於一種,因此亨利在《臺灣植物目錄》中採用相同的名稱。學名及出處:<br><br><b><i>Phalaenopsis aphrodite&nbsp;</i>Rchb. f., Hamburger Garten- und Blumenzeitung 18: 35 1862.<br><br></b><span>這白花蝴蝶蘭的學名經亨利首次發表後,在1906年即被松村任三及早田文藏的《Enumeratio&nbsp; Plantarum Formosanarum》(臺灣植物名錄) 所採用;後來的台灣植物誌第一版(Flora of Taiwan 1978)和第二版(2000)的第五卷也都採用同樣的學名。<div><br></div></span>", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-bsyccsmr0g": { "id": "basic-bsyccsmr0g", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "d083ac2dc510cab03b6613a993314ccc", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/2a511030ae89733a071a53e21fc6317c.jpg?itok=f7gDHeqb", "level": "primary", "title": "海因里希·古斯塔夫·賴興巴赫 Heinrich Gustav Reichenbach 1823-1889/Heinrich Gustav Reichenbach", "desc": "公有領域, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=577625", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/2a511030ae89733a071a53e21fc6317c.jpg?itok=TMYyHhuA", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/2a511030ae89733a071a53e21fc6317c.jpg?itok=jDka2xh3", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/2a511030ae89733a071a53e21fc6317c.jpg?itok=MtvfjPRL", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/2a511030ae89733a071a53e21fc6317c.jpg?itok=AOG61Q0l", "mfid": "2a511030ae89733a071a53e21fc6317c", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Wikimedia Commons", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "公眾領域標章(Public Domain Mark)", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "白花蝴蝶蘭在學名後的命名者使用Rchb. f.,這是Heinrich Gustav Reichenbach(1823-1889)的縮寫,他是德國植物學家,也是19世紀最重要的蘭花學家。1855年在萊比錫擔任植物學教授,1863年起成為漢堡大學植物園主任。", "musicName": "無", "weight": 27, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "imgs-7ot9xa8sq8": { "id": "imgs-7ot9xa8sq8", "type": "imgs", "sortable": true, "multiObjs": [ { "oid": "337969b39016351284af359b9f93718b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/5fd7154c616a5755ab8b0a25deba056f.jpg?itok=AwG5C-Ls", "level": "primary", "title": "Hugh Cuming(1791-1865)", "desc": "Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1271924", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/5fd7154c616a5755ab8b0a25deba056f.jpg?itok=GKvXkAOB", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/5fd7154c616a5755ab8b0a25deba056f.jpg?itok=vQDGvYen", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/5fd7154c616a5755ab8b0a25deba056f.jpg?itok=9oa_D6bU", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/5fd7154c616a5755ab8b0a25deba056f.jpg?itok=vqkpiiqr", "mfid": "5fd7154c616a5755ab8b0a25deba056f", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Wikimedia Commons", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "公眾領域標章(Public Domain Mark)", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "b54cd8c51a75cc85702be161d8ef752a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/9bd572af5668f0e35771a9e8365b3ee0.jpg?itok=D0CVNTzY", "level": "primary", "title": "約翰·林德利 John Lindley/John Lindley", "desc": "By Louis van Houtte - Scan of original book from Botanicus, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=20837663", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/9bd572af5668f0e35771a9e8365b3ee0.jpg?itok=hKL_QhqO", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/9bd572af5668f0e35771a9e8365b3ee0.jpg?itok=3gTTlLft", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/9bd572af5668f0e35771a9e8365b3ee0.jpg?itok=7srgIXog", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/9bd572af5668f0e35771a9e8365b3ee0.jpg?itok=3yvo0t7C", "mfid": "9bd572af5668f0e35771a9e8365b3ee0", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "Louis van Houtte", "rights": "Wikimedia Commons", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "公眾領域標章(Public Domain Mark)", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false } ], "items": { "imgs-7ot9xa8sq8-vczf55dzxa": { "id": "imgs-7ot9xa8sq8-vczf55dzxa", "title": "Hugh Cuming(1791-1865)", "desc": "Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1271924", "primaryObj": { "oid": "337969b39016351284af359b9f93718b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/5fd7154c616a5755ab8b0a25deba056f.jpg?itok=AwG5C-Ls", "level": "primary", "title": "Hugh Cuming(1791-1865)", "desc": "Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1271924", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/5fd7154c616a5755ab8b0a25deba056f.jpg?itok=GKvXkAOB", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/5fd7154c616a5755ab8b0a25deba056f.jpg?itok=vQDGvYen", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/5fd7154c616a5755ab8b0a25deba056f.jpg?itok=9oa_D6bU", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/5fd7154c616a5755ab8b0a25deba056f.jpg?itok=vqkpiiqr", "mfid": "5fd7154c616a5755ab8b0a25deba056f", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Wikimedia Commons", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "公眾領域標章(Public Domain Mark)", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 0 }, "imgs-7ot9xa8sq8-k8porietmo": { "id": "imgs-7ot9xa8sq8-k8porietmo", "title": "約翰·林德利 John Lindley/John Lindley", "desc": "By Louis van Houtte - 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The BHL considers that this work is no longer under copyright protection.資料出處:\r\nEdwards's botanical register vol 24 (NS 1) pl 34 (1838)", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/cee166b0267b95b972416b5ce1ddbdc2.jpg?itok=Zr0998eL", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/cee166b0267b95b972416b5ce1ddbdc2.jpg?itok=40sdeA8Q", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/cee166b0267b95b972416b5ce1ddbdc2.jpg?itok=L7IpQswR", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/cee166b0267b95b972416b5ce1ddbdc2.jpg?itok=RyyQN9M7", "mfid": "cee166b0267b95b972416b5ce1ddbdc2", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "Miss Drake", "rights": "Biodiversity Heritage Library(BHL)", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "公眾領域標章(Public Domain Mark)", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "<span>圖6. 英國的植物學家和蘭花學家John Lindley將採自菲律賓的一種蝴蝶蘭認為是<span>\"<i>Phalaenopsis amabilis</i>\" (</span>阿嬤蝴蝶蘭、南洋白花蝴蝶蘭),而將之發表於附有插圖的園藝雜誌《Edwards's Botanical Register, volume 24 (N.S. 1) plate 34, 1838》。</span><div><div><div><div><div><div><div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 29, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "text-dgs7632e0l": { "id": "text-dgs7632e0l", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 30, "desc": "Heinrich Gustav Reichenbach依據圖6的插圖及描述,發現John Lindley的鑑定錯誤,應該是新的種類,因此於1862年在《Hamburger Garten-und Blumenzeitung;漢堡植物園及植物》發表新種<span>\"<i>Phalaenopsis aphrodite</i>\" (</span>圖7),即白花蝴蝶蘭。圖6便成為白花蝴蝶蘭的命名所依據的插圖(命名模式)。", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-49szgyo4vo": { "id": "basic-49szgyo4vo", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "b9e5cb1f18597dd37a2d0280bffd5335", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": 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"", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Biodiversity Heritage Library(BHL)", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "公眾領域標章(Public Domain Mark)", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "<div><div><span>圖7.白花蝴蝶蘭(<span><i>Phalaenopsis aphrodite</i>&nbsp; Rchb. f.)</span>新種發表的德文描述。<span>\"<i>Ph. amabilis</i>&nbsp; Lindl. nec Blume\"</span>是說Lindley認為的<i>Ph. amabilis </i>(阿嬤蝴蝶蘭)並非Blume原先發表的<i>Ph. amabilis</i>。</span><br></div></div>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 31, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "theme-8lvwk3v5bb": { "id": "theme-8lvwk3v5bb", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "a3116bbc1058f8de5d065fabb2c4b317", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/7b8295e642855d3f008f523d663823e4.jpg?itok=oiHFR_yT", "level": "primary", "title": "章節", "desc": "", "thumbURI": 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"id": "text-s9n1vriqgk", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 33, "desc": "亨利1894年9月離開臺灣之後, 接著1895年甲午戰爭結束, 日清簽定\"馬關條約\", 割讓臺灣給日本。就在1896-1897年間,日本高知縣的矢野勢吉郎(Seikichiro Yano)來到臺灣,到各處採集植物標本,甚至是第一位前往綠島及蘭嶼的植物採集者,此時間採集的標本編號共計500多號。後來他任職於俄羅斯駐日使館,因此有400份標本被蒐藏在俄羅斯聖彼得堡的科馬洛夫植物研究所植物標本館,另外有232份蒐藏於北海道大學總合博物館。小石川植物園暨東京大學總合博物館則藏有一份矢野勢吉郎採自蘭嶼的臺灣蝴蝶蘭標本(圖8)。", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-fs5gedoyx8": { "id": "basic-fs5gedoyx8", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "c00baabd7b2ea56d1d0b7e15c282afcb", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/10ddc8c123a68267abd28bc5ea4e229f.jpg?itok=XiMJBy3r", "level": "primary", "title": "臺灣蝴蝶蘭標本_ 矢野勢吉郎採自紅頭嶼(蘭嶼)_採集編號675", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/10ddc8c123a68267abd28bc5ea4e229f.jpg?itok=xqPIk1BU", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/10ddc8c123a68267abd28bc5ea4e229f.jpg?itok=831bObcL", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/10ddc8c123a68267abd28bc5ea4e229f.jpg?itok=mTWAYPWI", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/10ddc8c123a68267abd28bc5ea4e229f.jpg?itok=ywF53Ke6", "mfid": "10ddc8c123a68267abd28bc5ea4e229f", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "小石川植物園", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "<span>圖8.蒐藏於小石川植物園暨東京大學總合博物館的臺灣蝴蝶蘭標本。1897年3月15日矢野勢吉郎採自紅頭嶼(蘭嶼),採集編號675。<br></span>資料出處:楊宗愈博士提供(2014年7月7日)。", "musicName": "無", "weight": 34, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "text-1bhx4ofnyj": { "id": "text-1bhx4ofnyj", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 35, "desc": "接著1898年大渡忠太郎(Chutaro Owatari)也在恆春半島北邊的加芝萊社(屏東縣獅子鄉)採到該種標本。之後野外採集的標本記錄極少,僅在蘭嶼、恆春半島東邊的牡丹、南田、九棚及南仁山等少數地區曾發現過。", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "theme-csfer7vwcz": { "id": "theme-csfer7vwcz", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "a3116bbc1058f8de5d065fabb2c4b317", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/7b8295e642855d3f008f523d663823e4.jpg?itok=oiHFR_yT", "level": "primary", "title": "章節", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/7b8295e642855d3f008f523d663823e4.jpg?itok=6PMJ9L4q", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/7b8295e642855d3f008f523d663823e4.jpg?itok=jXZdAvYJ", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/7b8295e642855d3f008f523d663823e4.jpg?itok=fIO6ipIo", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/7b8295e642855d3f008f523d663823e4.jpg?itok=RDYY9vv1", "mfid": "7b8295e642855d3f008f523d663823e4", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "臺灣生命大百科", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有", "fileDisableLink": 1, "fileOversize": false }, "title": "七、臺灣阿嬤蝴蝶蘭名稱的首次發表", "desc": "請輸入頁面說明", "musicName": "無", "weight": 36, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "text-w4vqjyypr5": { "id": "text-w4vqjyypr5", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 37, "desc": "島津忠重(Tadashige Shimadzu, 1886-1968年,圖9)是薩摩藩最後的藩主,香淳皇后(昭和天皇皇后)的叔父,日本海軍少將及貴族院議員,同時也是蘭花育種專家,二戰前曾任帝國愛蘭會最後一任會長,戰後於1958年創設全日本蘭協會。", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-k7c9pbfrcz": { "id": "basic-k7c9pbfrcz", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "6a4e0c61ee781e99e512f626b72fdb88", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/14dbb06bc64034b92d8c4ec049571418.jpg?itok=1JiNPJmW", "level": "primary", "title": "島津忠重/Tadashige Shimazu", "desc": "Unknown authorUnknown author, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commonshttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tadashige_Shimazu_01.jpg", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/14dbb06bc64034b92d8c4ec049571418.jpg?itok=P2oBzV0M", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/14dbb06bc64034b92d8c4ec049571418.jpg?itok=ZAhURsSw", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/14dbb06bc64034b92d8c4ec049571418.jpg?itok=r0Vv37xH", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/14dbb06bc64034b92d8c4ec049571418.jpg?itok=Y2A9nw0m", "mfid": "14dbb06bc64034b92d8c4ec049571418", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Wikimedia Commons", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "公眾領域標章(Public Domain Mark)", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "<span>圖9 : 島津忠重 Tadashige Shimazu</span>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 38, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "text-a5dbh1ii26": { "id": "text-a5dbh1ii26", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 39, "desc": "1921年島津忠重應英國皇家園藝學會理事會的邀請,成為該年度的英國蘭花委員會成員,並於5月10日參加了皇家園藝學會的會議,會後在英國的《The Orchid Review》(1893-1923)第29卷發表日本的蘭花植物〈Orchids in Japan〉,分二段在八月(p.35-36)及九月(p.67-68)刊出,內容介紹日本的氣候、蘭花栽植狀況及一些原生物種。其中就包含臺灣蝴蝶蘭的新名稱\"<i>Phalaenopsis amabilis formosana</i>\"(圖10),完整的寫法為:\"<i>Phalaenopsis amabilis </i>(L.)<i> </i>Blume<i>&nbsp;var. formosa</i>&nbsp;Shimadzu\"&nbsp;。這一短文只提到蘭花植株於1916年來自臺灣,其花朵數較阿嬤蝴蝶蘭(<i>Phalaenopsis amabilis</i>)為多,但其他差異不大,即認為臺灣的蝴蝶蘭是\"<i>Phalaenopsis amabilis</i>\"的變種。阿嬤蝴蝶蘭廣泛分佈於菲律賓南部的巴拉望島、婆羅洲、蘇門答臘、爪哇、新幾內亞到澳洲的昆士蘭。如此臺灣的蝴蝶蘭就衍生出\"臺灣阿嬤\"的俗名,之後廣為園藝界所採用。直到現在還有為數不少的園藝、生技、發育等相關研究文章仍然繼續使用此名稱。<br><br><span>依據《the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants》(國際藻類、真菌和植物命名法規),島津忠重所發表的<span>臺灣阿嬤蝴蝶蘭的學名<span>\"<i>Phalaenopsis amabilis formosana</i>\"</span>,因為沒有詳細的特徵描述、插圖,同時也只是一篇演講稿,因此屬於非正式發表,此學名是不合法的。</span></span>", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "imgs-5m1knhim9i": { "id": "imgs-5m1knhim9i", "type": "imgs", "sortable": true, "multiObjs": [ { "oid": "bd18b01a201cd5be63ff361fa0f94451", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/5daf09d9a868f1c27c8b088f06707ab9.jpg?itok=0KFEDfbt", "level": "primary", "title": "The Orchid review V.29 (1921)/The Orchid review V.29 (1921)_page_35", "desc": "Copyright Status: Public domain. 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The BHL considers that this work is no longer under copyright protection.", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e8d1532707881dbf79ad266277175b24.jpg?itok=AarhYcLY", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e8d1532707881dbf79ad266277175b24.jpg?itok=fnFKfuGV", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e8d1532707881dbf79ad266277175b24.jpg?itok=wbqC5LIb", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/e8d1532707881dbf79ad266277175b24.jpg?itok=DXN7xDC9", "mfid": "e8d1532707881dbf79ad266277175b24", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Biodiversity Heritage Library(BHL)", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "公眾領域標章(Public Domain Mark)", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 1 } }, "musicName": "無", "weight": 40, "primaryObj": { "oid": "bd18b01a201cd5be63ff361fa0f94451", "title": "The Orchid review V.29 (1921)/The Orchid review V.29 (1921)_page_68", "desc": "Copyright Status: Public domain. The BHL considers that this work is no longer under copyright protection.", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e8d1532707881dbf79ad266277175b24.jpg?itok=AarhYcLY", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e8d1532707881dbf79ad266277175b24.jpg?itok=fnFKfuGV", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e8d1532707881dbf79ad266277175b24.jpg?itok=wbqC5LIb", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/e8d1532707881dbf79ad266277175b24.jpg?itok=DXN7xDC9", "mfid": "e8d1532707881dbf79ad266277175b24", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/e8d1532707881dbf79ad266277175b24.jpg?itok=3jf57JFn", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Biodiversity Heritage Library(BHL)", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "公眾領域標章(Public Domain Mark)", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "", "desc": "圖10.&nbsp;島津忠重在英國的《The Orchid Review》第29卷(1921)發表日本的蘭花植物〈Orchids in Japan〉,分二段在八月(p.35-36)及九月(p.67-68)刊出,其中\"<i>Phalaenopsis amabilis&nbsp;</i><i>formosa</i>\"的名稱刊載在第68頁。" }, "theme-c71861erp7": { "id": "theme-c71861erp7", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "a3116bbc1058f8de5d065fabb2c4b317", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/7b8295e642855d3f008f523d663823e4.jpg?itok=oiHFR_yT", "level": "primary", "title": "章節", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/7b8295e642855d3f008f523d663823e4.jpg?itok=6PMJ9L4q", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/7b8295e642855d3f008f523d663823e4.jpg?itok=jXZdAvYJ", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/7b8295e642855d3f008f523d663823e4.jpg?itok=fIO6ipIo", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/7b8295e642855d3f008f523d663823e4.jpg?itok=RDYY9vv1", "mfid": "7b8295e642855d3f008f523d663823e4", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "臺灣生命大百科", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有", "fileDisableLink": 1, "fileOversize": false }, "title": "八、臺灣蝴蝶蘭名稱的首次發表", "desc": "請輸入頁面說明", "musicName": "無", "weight": 41, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "text-hpbnxj9y81": { "id": "text-hpbnxj9y81", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 42, "desc": "1941年任職朝鮮李王家(1910年日韓合併條約簽訂後,大韓帝國皇室成員一律降為王公族,李王家就是朝鮮日治時期對前大韓帝國皇室的稱號)昌慶苑大溫室(完工於1909年,現為昌慶宮大溫室,首爾市的重要景點)附屬研究室的農學士三輪愛二郎(Aijiro Miwa),曾於1941年在《實際園藝》發表一篇有關臺灣蝴蝶蘭〈臺灣の胡蝶蘭に就て〉的文章。(圖11),他認為臺灣產的蝴蝶蘭與東南亞的阿嬤蝴蝶蘭(<i>Phalaenopsis amabilis</i>)與白花蝴蝶蘭(<i>Phalaenopsis aphrodite</i>)不同,也與分佈於巴士海峽南部巴布煙群島(Babuyan Islands)的蝴蝶蘭有所不同。因此提出二個新種名稱:<i>Phalaenopsis formosana</i>(臺灣蝴蝶蘭,圖12)與&nbsp;<i>Phalaenopsis Babuyana</i>(巴布煙蝴蝶蘭,圖13):<br><br><i>Phalaenopsis formosana</i> Miwa, Pract. Hort. 27: 115. 1941.<br><i>Phalaenopsis babuyana</i> Miwa, Pract. Hort. 27: 117. 1941.<br><br>上述四種的區別點主要在唇瓣、癒合體、葉片顏色、花序等(圖14;表1),巴布煙蝴蝶蘭的特徵正介於臺灣蝴蝶蘭與白花蝴蝶蘭之間。但依據《國際藻類、真菌和植物命名法規》,自1935年1月1日起,新種的發表必需附有特徵或是重要區別點的拉丁文描述,否則便是無效名稱。因此三輪愛二郎1941年發表的臺灣蝴蝶蘭與巴布煙蝴蝶蘭的學名均屬於不合法的學名。", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-5galhlcvz5": { "id": "basic-5galhlcvz5", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "42494494afd39a72b8c32d5ae81e60cb", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/b1bc5f11d66527a56066c92d0908bc16.jpg?itok=W_7pxfl_", "level": "primary", "title": "三輪愛二郎。1941。臺灣の胡蝶蘭に就て。實際園藝,27卷2號/p113", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/b1bc5f11d66527a56066c92d0908bc16.jpg?itok=p7RypSON", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/b1bc5f11d66527a56066c92d0908bc16.jpg?itok=RxdtSVLF", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/b1bc5f11d66527a56066c92d0908bc16.jpg?itok=Jz3E01nu", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/b1bc5f11d66527a56066c92d0908bc16.jpg?itok=gPVXYeS4", "mfid": "b1bc5f11d66527a56066c92d0908bc16", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "三輪愛二郎", "rights": "謝長富", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "<span>圖11. 1941年任職朝鮮李王家温室附屬研究室的農學士三輪愛二郎在《實際園藝》發表一篇有關臺蝴蝶蘭〈臺灣の胡蝶蘭に就て〉的文章。<br></span><span><br>資料出處:實際園藝,27卷2號:113-120,1941。</span>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 43, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-nq4iu9f2zc": { "id": "basic-nq4iu9f2zc", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "42494494afd39a72b8c32d5ae81e60cb", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": 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"https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/b848b8c223b6121a27a66b015757622c.jpg?itok=pf81YeyW", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/b848b8c223b6121a27a66b015757622c.jpg?itok=pGFGp8hR", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/b848b8c223b6121a27a66b015757622c.jpg?itok=uIoBhEOU", "mfid": "b848b8c223b6121a27a66b015757622c", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "三輪愛二郎", "rights": "謝長富", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "圖13.&nbsp;<i>Phalaenopsis Babuyana </i>Miwa(巴布煙蝴蝶蘭)出現在1941年《實際園藝》第27卷第2號的117頁。", "musicName": "無", "weight": 45, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-7k836fp473": { "id": "basic-7k836fp473", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "42494494afd39a72b8c32d5ae81e60cb", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/5770ad5903b051de791ba9962f9b21b2.jpg?itok=wd9HlTH7", "level": "primary", "title": "三輪愛二郎。1941。臺灣の胡蝶蘭に就て。實際園藝,27卷2號", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/5770ad5903b051de791ba9962f9b21b2.jpg?itok=foUKmXxw", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/5770ad5903b051de791ba9962f9b21b2.jpg?itok=2JxE56xm", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/5770ad5903b051de791ba9962f9b21b2.jpg?itok=1Ow0_EmT", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/5770ad5903b051de791ba9962f9b21b2.jpg?itok=qVQTbm1l", "mfid": "5770ad5903b051de791ba9962f9b21b2", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "三輪愛二郎", "rights": "謝長富", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "<span>圖<span>14.&nbsp;<i>Phalaenopsis aphrodite&nbsp;</i>Rchb. f.(</span>白花蝴蝶蘭)、<i>Phalaenopsis&nbsp;formosana </i>(臺灣蝴蝶蘭)、<i>Phalaenopsis&nbsp;amabilis</i>(阿嬤蝴蝶蘭)及<i>Phalaenopsis Babuyana</i>(巴布煙蝴蝶蘭)四種蝴蝶蘭的花部形態。重要的區別特徵在下方的唇瓣及花粉塊。白花蝴蝶蘭中裂片左右兩側向外尖凸(見右下分離的唇瓣裂片的右半邊),臺灣蝴蝶蘭則較鈍。<br></span><br>資料出處:實際園藝,27卷2號:封面頁,1941。", "musicName": "無", "weight": 46, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-2el7i2zejw": { "id": "basic-2el7i2zejw", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "92d51186ca7dc80d9457d84ade841c29", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/6d683f6d93209ea2a82802e09dc30490.jpg?itok=AyPxd0UH", "level": "primary", "title": "臺灣蝴蝶蘭、巴布煙蝴蝶蘭及白花蝴蝶蘭的差異", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/6d683f6d93209ea2a82802e09dc30490.jpg?itok=DvNKmCBY", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/6d683f6d93209ea2a82802e09dc30490.jpg?itok=MxgSJPh3", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/6d683f6d93209ea2a82802e09dc30490.jpg?itok=uEpy1XnS", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/6d683f6d93209ea2a82802e09dc30490.jpg?itok=lQ5CrJBw", "mfid": "6d683f6d93209ea2a82802e09dc30490", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "謝長富", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "表1:臺灣蝴蝶蘭、巴布煙蝴蝶蘭及白花蝴蝶蘭的差異(實際園藝,27卷2號:117,1941)", "musicName": "無", "weight": 47, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, 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"rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有", "fileDisableLink": 1, "fileOversize": false }, "title": "九、臺灣蝴蝶蘭的學名訂正", "desc": "請輸入頁面說明", "musicName": "無", "weight": 48, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "text-gc8hszswae": { "id": "text-gc8hszswae", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 49, "desc": "<span>2001年美國蘭科分類學者Eric Alston Christenson(1956-2011)認為臺灣的蝴蝶蘭與菲律賓的白花蝴蝶蘭仍有少許差異, 因此在他的蝴蝶蘭專論《<i>Phalaenopsis</i> : A Monograph》一書中,將臺灣蝴蝶蘭當成白花蝴蝶蘭的新亞種,學名為:<i>Phalaenopsis aphrodite</i><span> Rchb. f. subsp. <i>formosana</i> E. A. Christenson </span>此即為\"臺灣白花蝴蝶蘭\"。</span>所依據的標本是蒐藏於紐約植物園由南岬燈塔管理員Schmüser所採的Henry 1705號標本(圖5),這份標本就是\"臺灣白花蝴蝶蘭\"發表所依據的標本,稱為正模式標本,另一份蒐藏於英國皇家植物園的同一編號標本(圖4),就是副模式標本。<span>主要的區別是臺灣白花蝴蝶蘭的葉背綠色 (白花蝴蝶蘭背面泛紅), 花較小,形成分枝多的圓錐花序,常從花序基部產生側枝。巴布煙蝴蝶蘭則併入臺灣白花蝴蝶蘭,如此臺灣白花蝴蝶蘭的分佈則包含臺灣的蘭嶼、恆春半島、東南部、以及菲律賓呂宋島北部外海的巴布煙群島,成為白花蝴蝶蘭向北分化的一支。雖然過去國內外經常將白花蝴蝶蘭與阿嬤蝴蝶蘭<span> (<i>Phalaenopsis amabilis</i>)</span>相混淆,但後者中裂片基部的癒合體只有二個角,與白花蝴蝶蘭及臺灣白花蝴蝶蘭的四個角明顯不同(圖15)。</span>", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "imgs-1d26xgiq55": { "id": "imgs-1d26xgiq55", "type": "imgs", "sortable": true, "multiObjs": [ { "oid": "ccfe66a110ef8f711bf05af3d068a2c6", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/435739a8b363aa0ee5c70e2cb5aaf003.jpg?itok=ISOViXuG", "level": "primary", "title": "臺灣白花蝴蝶蘭/ Phalaenopsis aphrodite subsp. formosana", "desc": "By sunoochi from Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan - [Southeast of Taiwan] Phalaenopsis aphrodite subsp. formosana Christenson, Phalaenopsis: a monograph: 197 (2001), CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=75037277sunoochi from Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan, CC BY 2.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0>, via Wikimedia Commons", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/435739a8b363aa0ee5c70e2cb5aaf003.jpg?itok=4gE_8rgJ", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/435739a8b363aa0ee5c70e2cb5aaf003.jpg?itok=t7JYYlpv", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/435739a8b363aa0ee5c70e2cb5aaf003.jpg?itok=YRPXLicC", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/435739a8b363aa0ee5c70e2cb5aaf003.jpg?itok=MnIIMpPd", "mfid": "435739a8b363aa0ee5c70e2cb5aaf003", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "Motohiro Sunouchi", "rights": "Wikimedia Commons", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "9d8369734a6b291a1a0f0dddb59e47a8", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/a63c8b87e559f3eac59608d361120419.jpg?itok=PiCYlba9", "level": "primary", "title": "白花蝴蝶蘭(作者 Alain Brochart)/Phalaenopsis aphrodite", "desc": "出處: \r\nhttp://www.phals.net/aphrodite", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/a63c8b87e559f3eac59608d361120419.jpg?itok=E9LyVfda", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/a63c8b87e559f3eac59608d361120419.jpg?itok=Z8ZvPW2g", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/a63c8b87e559f3eac59608d361120419.jpg?itok=2FybKZDX", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/a63c8b87e559f3eac59608d361120419.jpg?itok=bvIuFvUV", "mfid": "a63c8b87e559f3eac59608d361120419", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "Alain Brochart", "rights": "PaDIL website", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "0c78aab1c082494a3674feed089f78fb", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/db7e620c631813df2ed52984098a84d7.jpg?itok=PagD9SHU", "level": "primary", "title": "阿嬤蝴蝶蘭 (作者 Philip Wojtas)", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/db7e620c631813df2ed52984098a84d7.jpg?itok=8lb_QGJI", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/db7e620c631813df2ed52984098a84d7.jpg?itok=byMmrO0V", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/db7e620c631813df2ed52984098a84d7.jpg?itok=DmZ5atN7", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/db7e620c631813df2ed52984098a84d7.jpg?itok=Op1jeWDA", "mfid": "db7e620c631813df2ed52984098a84d7", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "Philip Wojtas", "rights": "www.orchidspecies.com", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false } ], "items": { "imgs-1d26xgiq55-iaggqvt7pk": { "id": "imgs-1d26xgiq55-iaggqvt7pk", "title": "臺灣白花蝴蝶蘭/ Phalaenopsis aphrodite subsp. formosana", "desc": "By sunoochi from Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan - 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[Southeast of Taiwan] Phalaenopsis aphrodite subsp. formosana Christenson, Phalaenopsis: a monograph: 197 (2001), CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=75037277sunoochi from Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan, CC BY 2.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0>, via Wikimedia Commons", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/435739a8b363aa0ee5c70e2cb5aaf003.jpg?itok=4gE_8rgJ", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/435739a8b363aa0ee5c70e2cb5aaf003.jpg?itok=t7JYYlpv", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/435739a8b363aa0ee5c70e2cb5aaf003.jpg?itok=YRPXLicC", "background": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/435739a8b363aa0ee5c70e2cb5aaf003.jpg?itok=MnIIMpPd", "mfid": "435739a8b363aa0ee5c70e2cb5aaf003", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/435739a8b363aa0ee5c70e2cb5aaf003.jpg?itok=ISOViXuG", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "Motohiro Sunouchi", "rights": "Wikimedia Commons", "rightsLogo": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示", "fileDisableLink": 0, "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "desc": "<div>圖15. 臺灣白花蝴蝶蘭、白花蝴蝶蘭及阿嬤蝴蝶蘭的花部差異。阿嬤蝴蝶蘭中裂片基部的癒合體上方具二短角,臺灣白花蝴蝶蘭及白花蝴蝶蘭則具四短角。</div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div>", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "text-40cgcszzva": { "id": "text-40cgcszzva", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 51, "desc": "<div><span>檢視整個臺灣白花蝴蝶蘭的發現過程,最早在1875年6月23日由英國工程師畢齊禮(Michael Beazeley)首先在鵝鑾鼻香蕉灣附近的森林發現,並在1883年發表的南岬燈塔購地之行的日誌中,記載為桑德氏蝴蝶蘭(<span><i>Phalaenopsis sanderiana</i>)</span>。</span>&nbsp;<br><span><br>南岬燈塔完工後,燈塔管理員德國人 J. C. H. Schmürer&nbsp;<span>於1894年在南岬附近採到兩份蝴蝶蘭標本,依據此標本奧古斯汀亨利1896年在《日本亞洲學會期刊》上首次發表白花蝴蝶蘭(<span><i>Phalaenopsis aphrodite</i>)</span>的正式名稱。<br></span></span><span><br>之後1897年3月15日矢野勢吉郎首次在蘭嶼採到白花蝴蝶蘭。1921年島津忠在英國的《The Orchid Review》第29卷發表臺灣阿嬤蝴蝶蘭<span>(<i>Phalaenopsis amabilis&nbsp;</i></span></span><i>formosa</i><span>)的新名稱,但此變種是附在形態差異較大(親緣較遠)的阿嬤蝴蝶蘭(<span><i>Phalaenopsis amabilis</i>)</span>之下,而非白花蝴蝶蘭之下。因文中並未附有詳細的特徵描述,是不合法的學名。<br></span><br><span>1941<span>年任職朝鮮李王家大溫室的三輪愛二郎曾在《實際園藝》發表臺灣蝴蝶蘭(<span><i>Phalaenopsis formosana</i>)</span>與巴布煙蝴蝶蘭(<span><i>Phalaenopsis Babuyana</i>)</span>二新種名稱,但因未附拉丁文的特徵描述,也屬於非正式發表,為不合法的學名。<br></span></span><br>2001 <span>年Eric Alston Christenson認為臺灣的蝴蝶蘭與菲律賓的白花蝴蝶蘭最為接近,但仍有少許差異,因此他在蝴蝶蘭專論《<i>Phalaenopsis</i>: A Monograph》,將臺灣蝴蝶蘭當成白花蝴蝶蘭的新亞種,學名為:<i><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://taieol.tw/pages/39843\">Phalaenopsis aphrodite</a></i><span><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://taieol.tw/pages/39843\"> Rchb. f. subsp. </a><i><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://taieol.tw/pages/39843\">formosana</a></i><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://taieol.tw/pages/39843\"> E.A. Christenson</a></span>,此即為\"臺灣白花蝴蝶蘭\",同時將巴布煙蝴蝶蘭併入。</span><br></div><div><div><div></div></div></div>", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "text-h3exghhtx9": { "id": "text-h3exghhtx9", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 52, "title": "參考文獻", "desc": "•&nbsp;<span>Christenson, E. A. 2001. <i>Phalaenopsis</i>, a monograph. Timber Press, Portland, OR. 330 pp., numerous line drawings and color photographs.</span>&nbsp;<br><span><br>•<span> Sweet, H. 1980. The genus <i>Phalaenopsis</i>. The Orchid Digest, Inc. 128 pp., numerous line drawings, 11 B&amp;W photographs, 82 color photographs and 4 maps.<br></span></span><br><span>•<span> American Orchid Society, 2019. <i>Phalaenopsis</i>, The Genus - Beginner's Handbook, XXIII.</span></span>&nbsp;<br><span><br>•<span> Chi-Chu Tsai, Chang-Hung Chou, Hao-Ven Wang, Ya-Zhu Ko, Tzen-Yuh Chiang and Yu-Chung Chiang. 2015. Biogeography of the <i>Phalaenopsis amabilis</i> species complex inferred from nuclear and plastid DNAs. BMC Plant Biology 15(1): 202.<br><br></span></span>• 謝長富,2020,臺灣蝴蝶蘭發現始末。生態臺灣67:8-20。", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "theme-9a9nm5jhaf": { "id": "theme-9a9nm5jhaf", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "f5150d5d9f2298ac613f4b697d9b166a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/ca7560f89ce7ebbf99c4170143931872.jpg?itok=cKlRc5fO", "level": "primary", "title": "章節", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/ca7560f89ce7ebbf99c4170143931872.jpg?itok=qP2jlN9S", "thumbMediumURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/ca7560f89ce7ebbf99c4170143931872.jpg?itok=SD994uFZ", "thumbBigURI": "https://taieol.tw/files/muse_taieol/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/ca7560f89ce7ebbf99c4170143931872.jpg?itok=ayVPacMb", "background": 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Phalaenopsis aphrodite, Reich, f. S. 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來源
臺灣生命大百科